ACS style is widely used in chemistry and related disciplines.
CSE style is widely used in life sciences.
Chicago style is widely used in many disciplines. Its Manual includes provisions for footnote referencing and author-date referencing.
Harvard style is a generic term for any style following the author-date format. There is no official manual of the Harvard style.
OSCOLA is widely used in law schools and by law journals.
For non-English or translated sources, a citation follows the desired templates. A common practice is to give the original title in the reference and give the English translation in brackets.
If the source was written in a non-Latin script, such as Chinese, Japanese or Korean, transliterate the title into English alphabet. Below are two examples cited in ACS style:
A book in French:
1. Webb, D.; Andre, C. Statistiques Economiques a Court Terme [Short-term economic statistics]; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France, 2008.
A journal article in Chinese:
2. Liu, W. Liu. Guanyu LibQual+ Tushuguan Fuwu Zhiliang Pingjia Yu Shizheng Yanjiu [An Empirical Analysis of Library Service Quality Evaluation Based on the LibQual+]. Gaoxiao Tushuguan Gongzuo, 2012, 20 (5), 32-36.
Chemical Abstracts - Service Source Index (CASSI) abbreviations (by Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of American Chemical Society)
Science and Engineering Journal Abbreviations by The University of British Columbia