Reading is an essential part of learning at the university. However, students may find it difficult because they may feel overwhelmed by the amount of readings required or by the complex concepts and unfamilar terms found in academic books and articles. With appropriate methods and strategies, you will find academic reading more managable.
Reading for an assignnment
What to read?
If you are reading for an assignment, you will need to read widely. Depending on your research topic, you will need to read books that cover specialized subject matters, research articles, conference proceedings, reports, theses, or more. Use the CityU LibraryFind to identify your needed books, journal titles and articles. For content of specialist databases such as law information or financial data, use the article databases to find articles relevant to your research topic.
How to read?
Some academic concepts and terms may be difficult to understand. Yet understanding is not enough to read for an assignment. You also need to read critically. To grasp the main ideas of an academic work, taking notes is also a must. Below are some techniques to help you read more effectively.
Handling difficult concepts or unfamilar terms
Your familiarity with your reading topic can determine how you read for your assignment.
If you find the concepts or terms in an academic work too difficult to understand, see if there are any graphs or diagrams in the article that can help you get a clearer picture.
If not, you may need to find another reading which describes the concepts in a more straighforward way before coming back to the more difficult ones.
You may also need to use subject specific dictionaries or glossaries to help you interpret unfamillar terms.
To read for an assignment, it is not enough just to understand. You are also expected to think, analyze and read with a critical mind. Identify the arguments made by the author, and ask questions while you read. For example:
You may also refer to the library resources on academic reading.
Reading for a purpose
You will read for different reasons:
What and how you read will depend on the purpose of your reading.
Taking notes while reading will help you "uncover the content" (Fairbarin & Fairbairn, 2001) by focusing your attention on:
Note-taking not only helps you make meaning of what you read, it is also a must to protect the academic integrity of your assignment. With careful note-taking, you can avoid plagiarism by ensuring proper acknowledgement when using someone else's ideas in your assignment [more about plagiarism].
Read the "Tips about taking notes" (see below) to learn more.
Tips about taking notes
1. Record all details about the source of eaching reading to ensure proper acknowledgement in your assignment. These include title (title of journal, book and article), author's full name, publisher's name, year and place of publication and page numbers.
2. Distinguish carefully between your own ideas and those you have gathered from your reading to avoid copying others' ideas without acknowledgement.
3. Use quotaion marks for direct quotes (i.e. author's exact words) so that you will also do so when using these notes in your assignment to avoid plagiarism.
Before deciding whether or not to incorporate what you have found into your assignment, you need to evaluate the resources to make sure that they contain information which is valuable and pertinent. This is especially true when the resources you retrieved are not collected by an academic library, but conveniently accessible through Internet search. Web resources need more careful thought to ensure their quality. Thus it is always a good practice to begin your search using our CityU LibraryFind and databases for more authoritative and reliable resources.
Accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency and coverage are the five basic criteria for evaluating information from any sources.
|Questions to ask:|
Bearing in mind that the Web is a vast network of unfiltered information sources, (i.e., anyone can put anything on it, bypassing editorial or peer review). It is of utmost importance that we evaluate information on the Web before it is used and cited.
Here are some quick hints that can help you decide whether the information given in a particular web page is reliable or not:
For more about evaluating information, visit the following sites:
Critically Analyzing Information Sources, from Research & Learning Serivces, Olin Library, Cornell University Library.
Evaluating Resources, from University of California, Berkeley.
Fake News, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Learning to Critically Evaluate Media Sources, from Cornell University Library